India’s Contributions to the World: India is a country of diverse culture and rich assets. It is an inseparable part of the world, both on map and in reality. No doubt some of the greatest mind ever were born in India who invented and discovered the greatest inventions and discoveries and contributed to the development and progress of the world. Listed below are some India’s contributions and gifts to the world.
The Taxila or Takshashila University was established in 600 BC in the Gandhar kingdom of ancient India (Now in Pakistan) where around 10500 students from China, Babylon, Syria, Greece etc. came to study. Many subjects including Grammar, Philosophy, Vedas, Surgery, Astronomy, Politics, Warfare, and Archery were taught there. Many Chinese and other Asian scholars came to study here and also wrote about it in their reports and writings. The university served as the first ancient university which is a major in all of India’s contributions to the world
The Numeral Zero
India’s contributions were given in every field including mathematics. Zero “0” is the numeral without which mathematics is not possible. The numeral 0 is considered to be discovered by Indian mathematician and astronomer Aryabhatta which is not true. Even though it was not discovered by this Indian, it was another Indian who invented it, Brahmagupta, who was a great ancient mathematician. Mathematics wouldn’t even be possible if it weren’t for India and its mathematicians.
Game of CHESS
The game of Chess, which is a recognized sport in the world originated during the Gupta empire in around 600 AD and spread from Persia to Arabian countries, and from there to Europe, before spreading to the whole world.
Imagine if your clothes did not have any buttons on it. Well, one of India’s contributions to the world also include cloth buttons. Buttons were first used in India. During 2800-2600 BC, buttons were discovered and used in the city of Mohenjo-Daro, a famous city of the Indus Valley Civilization located in the Indian subcontinent. These Buttons were usually used as an ornament and were made up of beautiful sea shells. Many buttons were also there which were of geometrical shapes, had holes, and were attached to the clothes, just like todays buttons. What a gift India gave to the world!
India’s contributions to the world also included Shampoo! The English word ‘shampoo’ was derived in 1762 from the Sanskrit word, ‘champoo’ which means to massage. The Sanskrit language was widely used in the Indian subcontinent and the shampoos were made by using many herbs and medicinal plants.
Buddhism and Jainism
Buddhism and Jainism are two of the world’s most ancient religions. These sacred and pure religions are also a part of India’s contributions to the world. Both of them were originated in the Magadha region of Bihar in India. The founder of Buddhism was Gautam Buddha and Vardhamana Jnatiputra was the founder of Jainism.
Fibonacci Pattern of Numbers
The first expresser of the Fibonacci sequence 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21….was the Indian saint Acharya Pingla (450 BC–200 BC). The Fibonacci sequence is also connected to Indian mathematics as they appear to be in connection with Sanskrit prosody or Chandhas. This was stated by Parmanand Singh in 1985.
Couching, one of the forms of cataract surgery was invented in ancient India by Indian physician Sushruta who also helped in spreading it across the world.
The iron pillar of Delhi, built during the reign of Chandragupta II Vikramaditya was the world’s first iron pillar. The interesting fact this pillar is that even after decaded, this pillar, made purely of iron, hasn’t rusted. The arcaeologists and material scientist call it ‘a testament to the skill of ancient Indian blacksmiths’ due to its high resistance to corrosion.
Sir Jagdish Chandra Bose, a great Indian physicist and biologist, invented the crescograph, a device for measuring growth in plants in the 20th century. A Crescograph uses a series of clockwork gears and a smoked glass plate and records the movement of the tip or roots of a plant at a magnification which could be of up to 10,000.